Advocates have made fresh pleas to bring home Australian children held in Syrian refugee camps as their health rapidly declines.
The 47 children are suffering from pneumonia, malnutrition, infections and gunshot wounds.
Save the Children policy director Mat Tinkler urged the Morrison government to embrace the Christmas spirit and bring them home.
"We have grave concerns that if the Australian government doesn't act now, an Australian child may die," he told reporters in Melbourne on Friday.
The children of Australian Islamic State fighters have been living in the al-Hawl camp since the collapse of the terrorist group.
Most of the Australian children are aged under five.
Kamalle Dabboussy, whose daughter and three grandkids are in al-Hawl, said the children had done nothing wrong.
His eldest granddaughter is unable to sleep because of her severe dental pain, and his grandson has a worsening walking disability.
"We'd ask the government to show leadership to help protect those children," Mr Dabboussy told reporters.
"These are Australian citizens and we'd ask you to take care and responsibility for our own citizens and our own family."
The poor conditions and lack of services at the camp, coupled with a harsh winter, saw the children sleeping on damp mats and unable to access medical care.
Mr Dabboussy said in his recent visit to Syria, where he was unable to see his daughter and her children, he caught pneumonia despite staying in a hotel.
"I cant imagine what it was like for the children," he said.
Prime Minister Scott Morrison has previously been unmoved by pleas to rescue the children, describing the potential evacuations as a national security threat.
But Mr Tinkler said the Australian mothers had agreed to be put under strict control orders if they were allowed to return.
This would include having ankle monitors, being put under curfew and having their emails monitored by authorities.
"The Australian government has run out of excuses and these women and children are running out of time."